Melange yarn is a blend of different colored fibers to develop various shades in the yarn. Different in ratio of fibers in the blend alters the uniqueness of spun melange yarn.
Melange yarn may be defined as “the yarn produced by the combination of at least two or more than two fibers”. Conventionally, the term melange is used for such yarns which are produced by the combination of two fibers (whether of same type but different in color or type of fiber used is different). In case of cotton melange yarn “a melange yarn is the yarn which is produced with various combinations of raw white and dyed cottons or dyed fibres.” For example, if we mix 99% raw white cotton and 1% dyed cotton (of any colour), then it will called Melange yarn.
Classification of Melange Yarn:
Melange yarn can be classified into two of its vary basic types:
Blended melange yarn
Non‐blended melange yarn
1. Blended Mélange Yarn:
Such type of yarn in which different fibers are mixed/blended together in a certain fixed ratio for instance PC (Polyester:Cotton blend) 50:50, PV (Polyester:Viscose) 80:20, CV(Cotton:Viscose) 60:40 etc.
2. Non‐Blended Mélange Yarn:
Yarn in which there are no different fibers blended together, but different colored fibers of same type are used to make the yarn e.g. 100% cotton dyed yarn, etc.
Advantages of Melange Yarn:
Technology: melange yarn has unique dyeing process, and is highly technological in terms of fibre dyes, colour matching and mixed textile of multiple fibres.
Environmental: dyeing fibre before spinning, thus can keep its energy saving, emission reduction and environmental protection.
Fashion: melange yarn can present multiple colours on one single yarn, which gives it rich colours, slenderness and tenderness. Textile made of melange yarn has a certain ambiguous cyclical effect.
Common Problems In Making Mélange Yarn:
Following is the common problems occurring during manufacturing of melange yarn:
1. Shade variation
2. Variation in ratio (esp. in PC/PV/CVC) yarns
3. Spots in the fabric
Application of Melange Yarn:
Melange yarn is widely used in warp and weft knitting machines, various V-bed knitting machines, and winding machines, etc. Melange yarn is applicable to underwear textile, casual wear, sportswear, shirts, business suites, socks and all sports of cloth products, as well as bed lines, towels, decorative fabrics and other home fabrics products.